While the Olympics are festive in nature, numerous safety and security related concerns exist in Brazil, and individuals visiting for the Olympics may be exposed to such risks. While security personnel will be everywhere at the Olympics, longstanding issues such as crime present the most significant concern. Elevated levels of civil unrest, similar to those that took place in Brazil during the 2014 World Cup, may expand security-related concerns during the event. The influx of tourism associated with the event increases one’s risk of being targeted for opportunistic crimes, including pick-pocketing, bag-snatching and scams, such as being overcharged by street vendors and taxis. Vulnerability to these risks increases for travellers carrying large amounts of cash, and/or are wearing flashy, expensive watches and jewellery. Other, less prevalent concerns include violent crime and kidnapping and, to a lesser extent, terrorism. Violent crime is generally concentrated in more marginalised, economically disadvantaged pockets of Brazilian cities, known locally as favelas. Favelas can be located in close proximity to more affluent neighbourhoods, so violent crime can occur anywhere and has spilled over into affluent neighbourhoods and popular tourist destinations in the past. The influx of tourism also increases one’s risk of being targeted for kidnapping, as criminals often anticipate a higher reward from targeting and robbing foreign nationals. Furthermore, terrorism is generally a low concern in Brazil. However, as with any major event on the global stage, the potential for an attack at Olympic venues or other infrastructures cannot be ruled out. This is especially true given the recent Islamic State attacks in historically lower-threat locations.